Histological assessment of the effect of laser irradiation on skin wound healing in rats

Photomed Laser Surg. 2006 Aug;24(4):480-8.

Gál PVidinský BToporcer TMokrý MMozes SLongauer FSabo J.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, from the histological point of view, the effect of diode laser irradiation on skin wound healing in Sprague-Dawley rats.

BACKGROUND DATA: Various biological effects have been described in different studies after low-level laser therapy (LLLT).

METHODS: Two parallel full-thickness skin incisions were performed on the back of each rat (n = 49) and immediately sutured. After surgery, one wound of each rat was exposed to laser irradiation (continuous mode, 670 nm, daily dose 30 J/cm2), whereas the parallel wound was not irradiated and served as control. Both wounds were removed 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144, and 168 h after surgery and routinely fixed and embedded in paraffin sections, stained with hematoxylin and eosin, van Gieson, periodic acid Schiff + periodic acid Schiff diastase, Mallory's phosphotungstic hematoxylin, and azur and eosin, and histopathologically evaluated.

RESULTS: As compared to nonirradiated control wounds, laser stimulation shortened the inflammatory phase as well as accelerated the proliferative and maturation phase, and positively stimulated the regeneration of injured epidermis and the reparation of injured striated muscle.

CONCLUSION: LLLT at 670 nm positively influences all phases of rat skin wound healing

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